Control over people or over resources

Control freak? Maybe. But in your eyes itโ€™s more about embracing power, holding dominance and getting the job done. You value social status and prestige.

Power is invaluable. After all, it likely enables you to control the people and situations around you. When you're on top of making the decision, you feel most yourself.

Value items

authority, wealth, social power, preserving my public image, and social recognition

Defining goal

social status and prestige, control or dominance over people and resources. The functioning of social institutions apparently requires some degree of status differentiation (Parsons, 1951). A dominance/submission dimension emerges in most empirical analyses of interpersonal relations both within and across cultures (Lonner, 1980). To justify this fact of social life and to motivate group members to accept it, groups must treat power as a value. Power values may also be transformations of individual needs for dominance and control. Value analysts have mentioned power values as well (e.g., Allport, 1961).

Both power and achievement values focus on social esteem. However, achievement values (e.g., ambitious) emphasize the active demonstration of successful performance in concrete interaction, whereas power values (e.g., authority, wealth) emphasize the attainment or preservation of a dominant position within the more general social system.


  • dominance (control over people)

  • resources (control over resources)

Schwartz, S. H. (2012). An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1116

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